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˳ȯ뿢ʪθ椬ʤǤ ҥå
2014-11-18 14:04 : monjyu () [ 7147hit ]
ˤϡʬŪˤϥ˶ᤤ­ưʪǡĹ1mmʲξΤΤۤȤɤǤ롣郎롢ȤƤ뤬Τΰ۷ȤơƼθ륹ꥱåԥءȤä¸Τ޲𤷡ͤܤη򹯤˽ʶҤͿƤ롣ܤǤϡޥˤ޲𤹤륦륹ɤǤžǮ쾮ĸɸSFTSˤ礷ǯ1麣ǯ7ޤǤˡ²λ15ǡ73ͤȯɡ24ͤ˴Ƥ롣ޤĥĥॷ¡¸Ρĥĥॷ¥ꥱåˤŪ̢䤷ƤȤ⤢롣ۤ˥ޥˤ޲𤹤ܤδɤˤϡܹǮܹǮꥱåˡ饤¡ʥԥءΰ֥ܥꥢסˤʤɤ롣ܤȡꥫǤϡ⡢षˤǤ޲ưʪȹͤƤꡢ饤¡åǮʥåǮꥱåˡ¡¶ݡˤʤɤΥޥ޲ɤȯ¿ޤܻǤϡޥ޲θɤǤԥץ饺¤ﳲͿƤ롣Ȥ˥ꥢѥи¸ΤȤ쳤ǮϡˤȤä׻ŪʴɤǤꡢեꥫ쳤ߤ濴԰Ҥ򿶤äƤ롣
ʾҤ٤褦ˡˤ޲𤹤봶ɤϡͤܤη򹯤򶼤µˤäƤϻ˻餷⤤äкפǤ뤬ˤϴɤμŤΤߤǤϤʤɤкˤܤɬפ롣Ȥ˥ˤˤ۷԰٤ɤȤϸŪкȹͤ롣Ūˤϡ(1) ĶˤƿͤܤˤܿϰϤΥˤ򻦤ȡӡ(2) ͤܤ˥ˤܿΤ򤵤뤳ȡĤ롣
Ƕᡢʪι˸̤θ椬ʤǤ뤬嵭ĤкΤ줫˴ؤäƤ롣ޤʪϡǤ˻ΤƤ벽عʤιʪӤƴĶؤ٤ʤȤĹꡢȤ˸ʪ㥳ȤĴãǽϰˤƤϡѲԤ졢ºݤˤܻؤեɻԤƤ롣ʲιܤǡǶθҲ𤷤

ޥĥťʥ쥽°οʪˤĤƹ˸̤θ椬ʤǤ롣
1 Lippia gracilisͳϡХ롢⡼ȤäΥ ڥʬȤޥˤФƻ˳ȯޥˤϡ ǮϰǡɤǤΥХ٥ɤ޲𤷡ͤФƤ⥢ʥ 饺ޡʥౢݡˤ޲𤷤ƥʥץ饺޾ɤLippia sidoides  ͳ⡼ʬȤޥˤǮӥޥޥˤФƻ ˳ȯǮӥޥޥˤϡɤǤϤΥХ٥ɤ 𤹤롣
ޤƱѤ̤θǤϡꥤޥˤ䥢֥ꥪޡ ͥ󥻤ȤäޥФƻ˸̤ȯԤϡҥȤФ ƤϡåǮҥȡꥭɡʥꥱåˤ޲𤷡Ф ϡ̡Х٥ɡʸˤ䥤̡ꥭɡʥꥱåˤʤɤ޲𤹤롣 Ʊ°Lippia triplinervis Gardner ͳϡХ롢⡼롢p- ȤäΥƥڥʬȤޥˤФƻ˳ȯ ʤѾѤΥ󥿥ʤϡƱʥ°ξڤǡ꤬

ʥ°οʪˤĤƤ⹳˸̤θ椬ʤǤ롣
1եޥ꡼ͳϡ4-ӥ˥륰䥳롢-ƥԥ ʤɤʬȤƴޤߡꥤޥˤФƻ˸̤ȯ Ʊ°ͳϡcis-󡢥ҥɥȥ󡢥ԥڥƥΥ äΥƥڥʬȤƴޤߡޥˤ1ԥե륹åڥ ȥФ̤ȯΥˤ쳤Ǯ޲𤹤롣Ʊ Ѥ̤θǤϡˤФեɻ»ܤ줿η̡ ޥˤФͭդΥɽѤǧ줿ƱѤ θǤϡHyalomma°ΥޥˡH.rufipes ˤФƴ̤ȯ Υޥˤϡ륹¸ΤȤ륯ߥ󥴽зǮ޲𤹤롣ߥ 󥴽зǮϡŪˤʤäƤ륨ܥзǮ䡢ޡ֥륰з ǮåǮȤȤˡ륹зǮ4ΤҤȤĤˤƤ롣

ޥ꡼ڥߥȡޥࡢӥХꥳͳ4Ĥˤ ޥˤ֤Ǥ륤ǥꥷ̥ӥͥޥˤФ ѤĴ٤η̡15gcm2λ̤ǡޥ꡼ӥڥ ˶Ѥǧ᤿ξˤĤƼºݤ˥եɻ»ܤͭǧ줿̤ȯʬˤĤƤ⸦椷1,8-ͥ롢եʥ롢4-ƥԥͥ롢ܥͥ롢ܥȤäʬ˶̤ǧ줿̤θǡޥ꡼ܺޤȤƴޤλޡEco-Exempt IC2ˤΥեɻƥᥤΥӤǼ»ܤ줿η̡饤¤ʤɤ޲𤹤ޥˤ1亮ˤФ˶̤ǧ졢θ̤ϡԥ쥹ɤɤŨȤƤ롣

쥬ΡʥʡͳϡХʬȤޥˤ1 ԥե饹ĥ˥Ф˸̤ȯޤʥ °ҥץƥʥͳϡܥͥ롢1,8-ͥ롢p- ʤɤʬȤ2.5ǻ٤ǥޥˤ˰ˤλ򶯤

˥塼ɥ˥ûοռ5οˤĤޥˤФ ˸̤Ĵ٤줿η̡Ȥ˥ҥΥ2ʥȥꥹ°1ͥȥץ°1ˤθ̤⤫ä

ڥ르˥ʥեʥƥ󥸥°ͳϡ10--- ǥ⡼ʬȤƴޤߡåǮ޲𤹤륢ꥫޥ ФơΤιޤƱθ̤ȯ˴ޤޤƤ륤 ȥ󡢥ʥͭȤϴطʤΤȽǤ줿

Ρϡ˥ȥ˴ʥˤǤ說Ф ȯΡϡ֡륹ѥꥨȤä μʬǤ롣  

ܤˤƤ⡢ơȲ䥰Х벽ʤɤαƶˤäơǥǮήԤޤǯžǮ쾮ĸɸSFTSˤ礷Ƥ롣塢޲𤹤ˤȤäưʪͤܤꡢɤɤȤ꤬ؽפˤʤΤ餫Ǥ롣ŪˡϿͤФ⤯Ķؤ٤ʤȹͤƤ롣СѤ˺ޤѲǽϽʬΤȻפ롣ܤˤƤ⡢åȤˤʤˤФơǤ̤ι⤤ʪޤͭʬˤĤƤθ椬˿ʤळȤԤby Takkyˡ  

ʸ 1) Cruz EM, Costa LM Jr, Pinto JA, Santos Dde A, de Araujo SA, Arrigoni-Blank Mde F, Bacci L, Alves PB, Cavalcanti SC, Blank AF. : Acaricidal activity of Lippia gracilis essential oil and its major constituents on the tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Vet Parasitol. 2013 Jul 1;195(1-2):198-202. doi:10.1016/j.vetpar.2012 12.046. Epub 2013 Jan 4.
2) Gomes GA, Monteiro CM, Senra Tde O, Zeringota V, Calmon F, Matos Rda S, Daemon E, Gois RW, Santiago GM, de Carvalho MG. : Chemical composition and acaricidal activity of essential oil from Lippia sidoides on larvae of Dermacentor nitens (Acari:Ixodidae) and larvae and engorged females of Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari:Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2012 Dec;111(6):2423-30. doi: 10.1007/s00436-012-3101-9. Epub 2012 Sep 16.
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4) Lage TC, Montanari RM, Fernandes SA, de Oliveira Monteiro CM, de Oliveira Souza Senra T, Zeringota V, Calmon F, da Silva Matos R, Daemon E. : Activity of essential oil of Lippia triplinervis Gardner (Verbenaceae) on Rhipicephalus microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2013 Feb;112(2):863-9. doi: 10.1007/s00436-012-3209-y. Epub 2012 Dec 6.
5) Politi FA, de Souza-Moreira TM, Rodrigues ER, de Queiroz GM, Figuerira GM, Januário AH, Berenger JM, Socolovschi C, Parola P, Pietro RC. : Chemical characterization and acaricide potential of essential oil from aerial parts of Tagetes patula L. (Asteraceae) against engorged adult females of Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille, 1806). Parasitol Res. 2013 Jun;112(6):2261-8. doi: 10.1007/s00436-013-3386-3. Epub 2013 Mar 19.
6) Wanzala W, Hassanali A, Mukabana WR, Takken W. : Repellent Activities of Essential Oils of Some Plants Used Traditionally to Control the Brown Ear Tick, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus. J Parasitol Res. 2014;2014:434506. doi: 10.1155/2014/434506. Epub 2014 Feb 19.
7) Andreotti R, Garcia MV, Cunha RC, Barros JC. : Protective action of Tagetes minuta (Asteraceae) essential oil in the control of Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari : Ixodidae) in a cattle pen trial. Vet Parasitol. 2013 Oct 18;197(1-2):341-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2013.04.045. Epub 2013 May 25.
8) Nchu F, Magano SR, Eloff JN. : In vitro anti-tick properties of the essential oil of Tagetes minuta L. (Asteraceae) on Hyalomma rufipes (Acari : Ixodidae). Onderstepoort J Vet Res. 2012 Mar 30;79(1):E1-5. doi: 10.4102/ojvr.v79i1.358.  
9) Garcia MV, Matias J, Barros JC, de Lima DP, Lopes Rda S, Andreotti R. : Chemical identification of Tagetes minuta Linnaeus (Asteraceae) essential oil and its acaricidal effect on ticks. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet. 2012 Oct-Dec;21(4):405-11.
10) EL-Seedi HR, Khalil NS, Azeem M, Taher EA, Göransson U, Pålsson K, Borg-Karlson AK. : Chemical composition and repellency of essential oils from four medicinal plants against Ixodes ricinus nymphs (Acari : Ixodidae). J Med Entomol. 2012 Sep;49(5):1067-75.
11) Elias SP, Lubelczyk CB, Rand PW, Staples JK, St Amand TW, Stubbs CS, Lacombe EH, Smith LB, Smith RP Jr. : Effect of a botanical acaricide on Ixodes scapularis (Acari : Ixodidae) and nontarget arthropods. J Med Entomol. 2013 Jan;50(1):126-36.
12) Koc S, Oz E, Clinbilgel I, Aydin L, Cetin H. : Acaricidal activity of Origanum bilgeri P.H.Davis (Lamiaceae) essential oil and its major component, carvacrol against adults Rhipicephalus turanicus (Acari : Ixodidae). Vet Parasitol. 2013 Mar 31;193(1-3):316-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vetpar.2012.11.010. Epub 2012 Nov 14.
13) Lebouvier N, Hue T, Hnawia E, Lesaffre L, Menut C, Nour M. : Acaricidal activity of essential oils from five endemic conifers of New Caledonia on the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Parasitol Res. 2013 Apr;112(4)1379-84. doi: 10.1007/s00436-012-3268-0. Epub 2013 Jan 31.
14) Tabanca N, Wang M, Avonto C, Chittiboyina AG, Parcher JF, Carroll JF, Kramer M, Khan IA. : Bioactivity-guided investigation of geranium essential oils as natural tick repellents. J Agic Food Chem. 2013 May 1;61(17):4101-7. doi: 10.1021/jf400246a. Epub 2013 Apr 22.
15) Sparagano O, Khallaayoune K, Duvallet G, Nayak S, George D. : Comparing terpenes from plant essential oils as pesticides for the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae). Transbound Emerg Dis. 2013 Nov;60 Suppl 2:150-3. doi: 10.1111/tbed.12138.
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